The key difference between a democracy and a republic lies in the limits placed on government by the law, which has implications for minority rights.
Both forms of government tend to use a
representational system — i.e., citizens vote to elect politicians to
represent their interests and form the government.
republic, a constitution or charter of rights protects certain
inalienable rights that cannot be taken away by the government, even if
it has been elected by a majority of voters.
In a “pure democracy,” the majority is not restrained in this way and can impose its will on the minority.
Most modern nations are democratic republics with a constitution, which can be amended by a popularly elected government.
comparison, therefore, contrasts the form of government in most
countries today with a theoretical construct of a “pure democracy”,
mainly to highlight the features of a republic.
1. Free and equal representation of people
free and equal right of every person to participate in a system of
government, often practiced by electing representatives of the people by
the majority of the people
2. Democratic nation
A country with a government that has been elected freely and equally by all its citizens
3. A democratic system of government
A system of government based on the principle of majority decision-making
4. Control organization by members
The control of an organization by its members, who have a free and equal right to participate in decision-making processes
1. A REPUBLIC
1. A political system with elected representatives
A political system or form of government in which people elect representatives to exercise power for them
2. Stay with elected representatives
A country or other political unit whose government or political system is that of a republic
3. A unit within the large country
A constituent political and territorial unit of a national federation or union
4. A group with a collective interest
A group of people who are considered to be equals and who have a collective interest, objective, or vocation